Turkmenistan 2020 Crime & Safety Report
Hydyrov has reportedly been barred from leaving Turkey and was unable to return to the United Kingdom where he resides. In February 2018 authorities reportedly arrested Omruzak Omarkulyev, a Turkmen college student learning overseas in Turkey. Omarkulyev had created a casual Turkmen students’ membership at his university in Turkey. In March 2018 Omarkulyev went lacking after migration authorities allegedly banned him from returning to Turkey for his studies. RFE/RL and the Turkmen Initiative for Human Rights, an exile group, reported that Omarkulyev was sentenced to twenty years in jail on unknown expenses and was being held at the most-security jail in Ovadandepe.
The government continued its ban on subscriptions to overseas periodicals by nongovernmental entities, though copies of nonpolitical periodicals appeared sometimes within the bazaars. The authorities maintained a subscription service to Russian-language outlets for presidency employees, although these publications weren’t out there for public use. The structure offers for freedom of expression, together with for the press, but the authorities did not respect this right. Opposition web site, Chronicles of Turkmenistan, reported in October that Turkish authorities briefly detained Kakamyrat Hydyrov, an exiled opposition member, and three different Turkmen residents throughout a meeting in a resort in Istanbul. According to the report, the group had tried to fulfill in one other resort, however their reservation for a meeting was cancelled at the final minute. The Turkmen Embassy had reportedly requested Turkmen officials to detain the group.
Ilham Bektemirov was removed from the listing as a result of he was released in December 2018. additionally eliminated Gulgeldi Annaniyazov from the list because he was reportedly transferred to a decrease-security facility. The 2019 listing included the names of 121 prisoners, the identical number as last year, together with two releases and two new names from 2018, although the NGO estimated the precise number to be within the tons of. Opposition media and NGOs didn’t report politically motivated disappearances during the year. A .gov website belongs to an official government organization within the United States. The Trading Economics Application Programming Interface supplies direct access to our information.
Finding and retaining qualified teachers stays a difficulty due to unreasonable educating hours, insufficient instruction materials, scarce supplies and tools and low salaries. Among school districts throughout Turkmenistan, a standardized curriculum is required with a few years devoted to humanities studies. This contains subjects like historical past, physics, overseas languages, world cultures and the Turkmen or Russian language. Unfortunately, Turkmenistan education lacks high quality, particularly among teachers. Turkmenistan is one of the 5 independent states that formed after the dissolution of The Soviet Union in 1991. Despite now not being underneath Soviet rule, the educational requirements that had been established underneath its former rule have generally remained consistent in all 5 nations, together with having a formal tertiary education and nearly universal literacy rates. Gender equality has just lately been a hot subject with a special emphasis wanted in ladies’ education in Turkmenistan.
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Prison situations reportedly remained unsanitary, overcrowded, and in some cases life threatening as a result of harsh treatment and insufficient medical care. The NGO’s updated report consists of the names of Kemal Saparov and Kakajan Hakbayev who had been imprisoned in 2018 after they returned from summer holidays in St. Petersburg.
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On quite a few events police confiscated women’s licenses and vehicles for ostensibly minor causes, such as missing an merchandise within the legally required first-aid package. Sources noted a variety of obstacles to the formation and functioning of civil society. These included laws that permitted the Ministry of Justice to send representatives to association occasions and meetings and necessities that associations notify the federal government about their deliberate activities. The Ministry of Culture censored and monitored all public exhibitions, including music, artwork, and cultural occasions.
The law permits for compulsory labor as a punishment for legal offenses, requiring that convicted persons work in the place and job specified by the administration of the penal establishment, potentially including personal enterprises. Compulsory labor can also be utilized as a punishment for libel and for violation of the established procedure for the group of assemblies, meetings, or demonstrations. The law offers for the right of staff to type and be a part of impartial unions and to discount collectively with their employers. The regulation doesn’t prohibit antiunion discrimination against union members and organizers. There are not any mechanisms for resolving complaints of discrimination nor does the law provide for reinstatement of employees fired for antiunion exercise. Non-Turkmen speakers in government famous that some avenues for promotion and job development weren’t obtainable to them, and solely a handful of non-Turkmen occupied high-stage jobs in government. In some cases, candidates for government jobs had to offer details about their ethnicity going back three generations.
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The authorities strictly controlled the manufacturing of performs and performances in state theaters, and these were severely limited. Authorities also strictly managed film screenings and limited viewings to accredited movies dubbed or subtitled in Turkmen and Russian, until sponsored by a foreign embassy. To regulate home printing and copying activities, the federal government required all publishers, printers, and photocopying institutions to register their equipment. The government did not permit the publication of works on subjects that were out of favor with the federal government, including some works of fiction. The authorities should approve the importation, publishing, and dissemination of religious literature.
Baby And Adolescent (aged 5
Employers did not provide development staff and industrial employees in older factories correct protective tools and infrequently made these staff labor in unsafe environments. Some agricultural employees confronted environmental well being hazards related to the appliance of defoliants in making ready cotton fields for mechanical harvesting. Workers did not have the proper to take away themselves from work situations that endangered their health or safety without jeopardy to their continued employment, and authorities didn’t shield workers in these situations. Statistics relating to work-related accidents and fatalities were not obtainable. The authorities regularly pressed college students and public-sector staff to participate in or watch public events similar to parades, sporting events, or vacation celebrations.
In September RFE/RL reported on a video by which Omarkulyev appeared though he didn’t speak in the video. The video claimed authorities had not arrested Omarkulyev and, instead, he was serving his obligatory two-yr military service. The video was Omarkulyev’s first look since he disappeared in March 2018. The law prohibits arbitrary arrest and detention, however both remained serious problems. Persons arrested or detained aren’t entitled to challenge the legal foundation or arbitrary nature of their detention whereas detained.
Statistically, fewer than forty % of girls in Turkmenistan are finding out on the tertiary schooling stage. In distinction, girls in surrounding nations formerly turkmenistan women under Soviet rule – like Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan – are actually extra doubtless than boys to attend faculty.
Currently, there are not any official statistics on the level of domestic violence in Turkmenistan, making it difficult to formulate an effective response to the issue. Consensual identical-sex sexual relations between men remained a legal offence punishable by as much as two years’ imprisonment. Widespread societal homophobia and transphobia implies that LGBTI individuals are extremely susceptible to torture or different unwell-therapy, sexual abuse, and extortion at the hands of the police. They also come under extreme stress from their households who seek to protect “the household honour” by imposing forced marriages.
The UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances requested an invitation to visit the nation in 2016. The working group once more requested an invitation in January however still had not obtained a response by September. Checks on nepotism and conflicts of interest are additionally lacking; the president’s son, Serdar Berdimuhamedov, was re-elected as a deputy to the Mejlis in 2018 and was appointed governor of Ahal Province in June. On March 31, interim parliamentary elections happened in Ashgabat and Mary Province to elect two members of the Mejlis . Local populations also voted for three members of the provincial People’s Council, 14 members of district and town level of People’s Council, and a hundred members of native municipality councils. Beginning in February police started a campaign of harassment of feminine drivers.